Relational Violence, Social Support, Self-Esteem, Depression and Anxiety: A Moderated Mediation Model
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The current study aimed to explore whether relational violence victimization predicts depression and anxiety through self-esteem and whether this indirect effect is moderated by social support.
A sample of 1993 high school students completed self-report measures of relational violence victimization, self-esteem, social support, symptoms of depression and anxiety. We conducted a moderated mediation model analysis in order to detect whether there is an indirect effect from relation violence victimization on depression and anxiety through self-esteem, and this indirect effect is dependent on the moderation of social support.
Results indicated that relational violence and social support have a direct and interactive effect on self-esteem. Self-esteem mediates the relationships between relational violence, depression, and anxiety. Furthermore, the findings suggest that the indirect effect of relational violence on depression and anxiety through self-esteem may vary depending on the level of social support.
The current findings highlighted the protective role of social support for adolescents’ well-being.
KeywordsRelational violence victimization Self-esteem Social support Adolescents Depression Anxiety
E.D.: designed and executed the study, and wrote the paper. M.B.: collaborated with the design, collecting data and analyzed data, and writing of the study. T.T.: collected data and wrote part of introduction.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of Social and Human Sciences Research and Publication Ethics Committee of Pamukkale University and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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