Peer Assisted Supervision and Support and Providers’ Use of Triple P- Positive Parenting Program



The current study sought to contribute to the literature by examining a possible method to promote use of an evidence-based parenting intervention, Triple P, in a large-scale implementation effort. The study was designed to examine (a) the association between attendance at Peer Assisted Supervision and Support (PASS) sessions and use of Triple P with parents among providers in a state-wide adoption of Triple P and (b) characteristics of providers most likely to attend peer supervision. In addition, we examined fidelity to the PASS model and providers’ perceived fit of Triple P with typical services as moderators of the link between attendance at supervision sessions and providers’ use of Triple P.


Two hundred seventy-six Triple P accredited providers from seven county or county clusters across North Carolina completed a 19-question survey about their experiences with Triple P, including their use of the intervention, perceived fit of the intervention to their clients’ needs, fidelity to the Triple P peer assisted supervision and support (PASS) model, and attendance at peer support sessions.


Correlational analyses revealed that providers who more often attended peer support sessions used Triple P with more parents. Results of hierarchical linear regression models indicated that fidelity to the PASS model and providers’ perceived fit were not significant moderators.


This study highlights the potential importance of attending PASS sessions in terms of using Triple P to serve families. Implications of the findings for implementation of Triple P and other evidence-based parenting interventions and suggestions for further studies are provided.

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Author Contributions

CRO designed the study, assisted with data analyses, and led preparation of the manuscript. MEH collected and managed the data and co-wrote the manuscript. KN assisted with data analyses and co-wrote the manuscript.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Caitlyn R. Owens.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. All procedures were reviewed and approved by the NC State University IRB.

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Owens, C.R., Haskett, M.E. & Norwalk, K. Peer Assisted Supervision and Support and Providers’ Use of Triple P- Positive Parenting Program. J Child Fam Stud 28, 1664–1672 (2019).

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  • Evidence-based program use
  • Parenting interventions
  • Triple P
  • Peer Assisted Supervision and Support
  • Implementation