Historical Examination of United States Intentional Mass School Shootings in the 20th and 21st Centuries: Implications for Students, Schools, and Society

Abstract

The deadliest U.S. school shooting to date, occurring on February 14, 2018 at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida serves as a powerful reminder that school violence is ever present. Addressing school violence, however, has been an elusive endeavor. The purpose of this review is to provide a historical examination of United States intentional mass school shootings in the 20th and 21st centuries. In addition, implications for students, schools, and society are discussed in light of policy and legislative initiatives as well as school-based prevention and intervention tiered models of support, such as positive behavior interventions and supports (PBIS).

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Correspondence to Antonis Katsiyannis.

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Katsiyannis, A., Whitford, D.K. & Ennis, R.P. Historical Examination of United States Intentional Mass School Shootings in the 20th and 21st Centuries: Implications for Students, Schools, and Society. J Child Fam Stud 27, 2562–2573 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1096-2

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Keywords

  • Shooting
  • Guns
  • Violence
  • Schools
  • PBIS
  • Mental health