Advertisement

Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 7, pp 2069–2081 | Cite as

Influence of Siblings on Child Health Behaviors and Obesity: A Systematic Review

  • So Hyun Park
  • Eileen Cormier
Original Paper

Abstract

Family structure plays an important role in childhood obesity but the association between having siblings and childhood obesity is not well established. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationship between sibling factors and child health behaviors and child obesity. CINAHL, Cochrane Reviews, PsycINFO and PubMed were searched to identify relevant publications between 2000 and 2016. Of 141 identified studies, 22 peer-reviewed, primary research reports satisfied inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Findings indicated that children without siblings are more likely to be overweight or obese. Having fewer siblings was associated with decreased physical activity, inadequate sleep, and unhealthy dietary habits. The relationship between the number of siblings and childhood obesity persisted over time. All but two studies reported an association between birth order and childhood obesity. Youngest siblings were at a higher risk of becoming overweight or obese than their older siblings. Overall, the findings emphasize the importance of sibling factors in the development of childhood obesity. Further studies are needed to understand the dynamics underlying the effect of siblings on child’s health-related behaviors in order to develop effective childhood obesity prevention programs. Healthcare professionals should focus on family structure and at-risk children when intervening to prevent childhood obesity.

Keywords

Childhood obesity Sibling Birth order Weight Parents 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the authors.

References

  1. * References marked with asterisk indicate articles included in the systematic review.Google Scholar
  2. Berge, J. M., Trofholz, A., Schulte, A., Conger, K., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2016). A qualitative investigation of parents’ perspectives about feeding practices with siblings among racially/ethnically and socioeconomically diverse households. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 48, 496–504.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Berge, J. M., Wall, M., Larson, N., Loth, K. A., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2013). Family functioning: Associations with weight status, eating behaviors, and physical activity in adolescents. Jourral of Adolescet Health, 52, 351–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Biehl, A., Hovengen, R., Groholt, E., Hjelmesath, H., Strand, B. H., & Meyer, H. E. (2014). Parental marital status and childhood overweight and obesity in Norway: A nationally representative cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 4. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/6/e004502.full.
  5. Byrne, L. K., Cook, K. E., Skouteris, H., & Do, H. (2011). Parental status and childhood obersity in Australia. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6, 415–418.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (CDC). (2016). Childhood obesity causes & consequences. https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/causes.html.
  7. *Chen, Y. C., Chen, P., Hsieh, W., Portnov, B. A., Chen, Y., & Lee, Y. L. (2012). Environmental factors associated with overweight and obesity in Taiwanese children. Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology, 26, 561–571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. *Chen, A. Y., & Escarce, J. J. (2010). Family structure and childhood obesity, early childhood longitudinal study — Kindergarten cohort. Preventing Chronic Disease, 7, A50. https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2010/may/pdf/09_0156.pdf.
  9. *Chen, A. Y., & Escarce, J. J. (2014). Family structure and childhood obesity: An analysis through 8th grade. Maternal Child Health Journal, 18, 1772–1777.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Datar, A. (2017). The more the heavier? Family size and childhood obesity in the U.S.Social Science and Medicine, 180, 143–151.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. *Formisano, A., Hunsberger, M., Bammann, K., Vanaelst, B., Molnar, D., Moreno, L. A., & Siani, A. (2014). Family structure and childhood obesity: Results of the IDEFICS Project. Public Health Nutrition, 17, 2307–2315.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. *Granich, J., Rosenberg, M., Knuiman, M., & Timperio, A. (2010). Understanding children’s sedentary behaviour: A qualitative study of the family home environment. Health Education Research, 25, 199–210.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Gulliford, M., Mahabir, D., Rocke, B., Chinn, S., & Rona, R. (2001). Overweight, obesity and skinfold thicknesses of children of African or Indian descent in Trinidad and Tobago. International Epidemiological Association, 30, 989–998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. *Hardy, L. L., Baur, L. A., Garnett, S. P., Crawford, D., Campbell, K. J., Shrewsbury, V. A., et al. (2006). Family and home correlates of television viewing in 12–13 year old adolescents: The Nepean study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1594572/.
  15. *Haugaard, L. K., Ajslev, T. A., Zimmermann, E., Angquist, L., & Sorensen, T.A. (2013). Being an only or last-born child increases later risk of obesity. PLoS ONE, 8. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0056357&type=printable.
  16. *Hesketh, K., Crawford, D., Salmon, J., Jackson, M., & Campbell, K. (2007). Associations between family circumstance and weight status of Australian children. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 2, 86–96.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Hotz, V. J., & Pantano, J. (2013). Stretegic parenting, birth order and school performance. The National Bureu of Economic Research, http://www.nber.org/papers/w19542.pdf.
  18. Hunsberger, M. (2014). Early feeding practices and family structure: Associations with overweight in children. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 73, 132–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. *Koirala, M., Katri, R. B., Khanal, V., & Amatya, A. (2015). Prevalence and factors associated with childhood overweight/obesity of private school children in Nepal. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, 9, 220–227.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Kramer, L., & Conger, K. J. (2009). What we learn from our sisters and brothers: For better or for worse. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 126, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kromeyer-Hauschild, K., Zellner, K., Jaeger, U., & Hoyer, H. (1999). Prevalence of overweight and obesity among school children in Jena (Germany). International Journal of Obesity, 23, 1143–1150.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. *Lee, K., & Won, S. (2015). Effect of Enrollment Length in Migrant Head Start on Children’s Weight Outcomes. Health & Social Work, 40, 142–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. *Martinovic, M., Belojevic, G., Evans, G. W., Lausevic, D., Asanin, B., Samardzic, M., et al. (2015). Prevalence of and contributing factors for overweight and obesity among Montenegrin schoolchildren. The European Journal of Public Health. http://eurpub.oxfordjournals.org/content/eurpub/early/2015/04/03/eurpub.ckv071.full.pdf.
  24. McHale, S. M., Updegraff, K. A., & Whiteman, S. D. (2012). Sibling relationships and influences in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Marriage and Family, 74, 913–930.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Metzger, M. W., & McDade, T. W. (2010). Breastfeeding as obesity prevention in the United States: A sibling difference model. American Journal of Human Biology, 22, 291–296.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Mosli, R. H., Kaciroti, N., Corwyn, R. F., Bradley, R. H., & Lumeng, J. C. (2016). Effect of sibling birth on BMI trajectory in the first 6 years of life. Pediatrics, 137,  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-2456. Epub 2016 Mar 11.
  27. *Mosli, R. H., Lumeng, J. C., Kaciroti, N., Pterson, K. E., Rosenblum, K., Baylin, A., & Miller, A. L. (2015). Higher weight status of only and last-born children. Maternal feeding and child eating behaviors as underlying processes among 4–8 year olds. Appetite, 92, 167–172.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. *Mosli, R. H., Miller, A. L., Peterson, K. E., Kaciroti, N., Rosenblum, K., Baylin, A., & Lumeng, J. C. (2016). Birth order and sibship composition as predictors of overweight or obesity among low-income 4- to 8-year-old children. Pediatric Obesity, 11, 40–46.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Mosli, R. H., Miller, A. L., Peterson, K. E., & Lumeng, J. C. (2016). Sibling feeding behavior: Mothers as role models during mealtimes. Appetite, 96, 617–620.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. *Mushtaq, M. U., Gull, S., Shahid, U., Shafique, M. M., Abdullah, H. M., Shad, M. A., & Siddiqui, A. M. (2011). Family-based factors associated with overweight and obesity among Pakistani primary school children. BMC Pediatrics. http://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2431-11-114.
  31. *Mushtaq, M. U., Gull, S., Mushtaq, K., Shahid, U., Shad, M. A., & Akram, J. (2011). Dietary behaviors, physical activity and sedentary lifestyle associated with overweight and obesity, and their socio-demographic correlates, among Pakistani primary school children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 25. https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-5868-8-130.
  32. *Ochiai, H., Shirasawa, T., Ohtsu, T., Nishimura, R., Morimoto, A, Obuchi, R. et al. (2012). Number of siblings, birth order, and childhood overweight: A population-based cross-sectional study in Japan. BMC Public Health. http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-12-766.
  33. *Olds, T. S., Maher, C. A., & Matricciani, L. (2011). Sleep duration or bedtime? Exploring the relationship between sleep habits and weight status and activity patterns. Sleep, 34, 1299–1307.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. *Pachucki, M. C., Lovenheim, Mf, & Harding, M. (2014). Within-family obesity associations evaluation of parent, child, and sibling relationships. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47, 382–391.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Price, J. H., Khubchandani, J., McKinney, M., Braun, R. (2013). Racial/ethnic disparities in chronic diseases of youths and access to health care in the United States, BioMed Research International. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2013/787616/.
  36. *Santiago, S., Zazpe, I., Cuervo, M., & Martínez, J. A. (2012). Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 27, 599–605.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Town, N., & D’Auria, J. (2009). Parental perceptions of their child’s overweight: An integrative review of the literature. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 24, 115–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. *Wake, M., Hesketh, K., & Waters, E. (2003). Television, computer use and body mass index in Australian primary school children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 39, 130–134.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. *Wang, H., Sekine, M., Chen, X., Kanayama, H., Yamagami, T., & Kagaimori, S. (2007). Sib-size, birth order and risk of overweight in junior high school students in Japan: Results of the Toyama Birth Cohort Study. Preventive Medicine, 44, 45–51.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Watanabe, E., Lee, J. S., & Kawakubo, K. (2011). Associations of maternal employment and three-generation families with pre-school children’s overweight and obesity in Japan. International Journal of Obesity, 35, 945–52.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Wells, J. K., Hallal, P. C., Reichert, F. F., Dumith, S. C., Menezes, A. M., & Victora, C. G. (2011). Associations of birth order with early growth and adolescent height, body composition, and blood pressure: Prospective birth cohort from Brazil. American Journal of Epidemiology, 174, 1028–1035.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  42. *Zurriaga, O., Perez-Panades, J. P., Izquierdo, J. Q., Costa, M. G., Anes, Y., & Quinones, C., Recent OBICE Research Group. (2011). Factors associated with childhood obesity in Spain. The OBICE study: A case-control study based on sentinel networks. Public Health Nutrition, 14, 1105–1113.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Nursing, Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

Personalised recommendations