Understanding the Relationship between Poverty and Children’s Mental Health in Poverty-Stricken Area of China: Social Causation or Social Selection?
This study aimed to explore the relationship between poverty and children’s mental health in the social context of China. Data were consisted of 1314 children, which were collected with a multi-stage cluster random sampling method in Xiushui, a typical poverty city in China. Structural equation modeling was adopted to test the hypothesized model. Results showed that both social causation model and social selection model could explain the relationship between poverty and children’s mental health in Mainland China. The implications of these findings on theory and social work services were also discussed.
KeywordsSocial causation Social selection Poverty Mental health Children
C.L.: designed and executed the study, performed the statistical analysis, and wrote the paper. S.J.: collaborated with the study and revised the manuscript. X.Y.: collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Chinese University of Hong Kong and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Agnew, R. (1991). A longitudinal test of social control theory and delinquency. Journal of Research in Crimean and Delinquency, 23(2), 47–61.Google Scholar
- De, M. V., Osei, A., Douptcheva, N., Hill, A. G., Yaro, P., & Degraft, A. A. (2012). Symptoms of common mental disorders and their correlates among women in Accra, Ghana: A population-based survey. Ghana Medical Journal, 46(2), 95–103.Google Scholar
- Dohrenwend, B. P., & Dohrenwend, B. S. (1969). Social status and psychological disorder: A causal inquiry. New York: Wiley-Interscience.Google Scholar
- Hu, X. L., Tian, C. F., & Sun, F. J. (2014). Reliability and validity test of Chinese version of the general self-efficacy scale. Psychology Exploration, 34(1), 53–56.Google Scholar
- Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Li, F., Su, L. Y., & Jin, Y. (2006). Social anxiety scale for children applied in Chinese city. Chinese Journal of Child Health Care, 14(4), 335–337.Google Scholar
- Ren, Z. H., & Ye, Y. T. (2009). Revised Chinese version of the Children Self-Esteem Scale. Chinese Journal of Fujian Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition), 2009(4), 157–163.Google Scholar
- Schwarzer, R. (1993). Measurement of perceived self-efficacy: Psychometric scales for cross-cultural research. Berlin, Germany: Freie Universität Berlin.Google Scholar
- Wang, C. K., Hu, Z. F., & Liu, Y. (2001). Evidences for reliability and validity of the Chinese version of general self-efficacy scale. Chinese Journal of Applied Psychology, 7(1), 37–40.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2012). Public health action for the prevention of suicide: A framework. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
- Wu, W. F., Lu, Y. B., Tan, F. R., & Yao, S. Q. (2010). The reliability and validity of Chinese version of children depression scale in primary and middle school students. Chinese Journal of Mental Health, 24(10), 775–779.Google Scholar
- Yu, D. W., & Li, X. (2000). The initial use of children’s depression scale in Chinese children. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 14(4), 225–227.Google Scholar