Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 2782–2789 | Cite as

The Role of Family and Parental Characteristics in the Scope of Social Encounters of Children in Homeschooling

  • Oz Guterman
  • Ari Neuman
Original Paper


Homeschooling, a phenomenon that is increasingly widespread in the Western world, raises questions regarding the ability to supply children in this framework with adequate social encounters. Despite evidence regarding the importance of these encounters for children in homeschooling, there is insufficient data concerning the sources of differences between homeschooling families in the scope of these social encounters. The present study examined the relationships between a child’s social encounters and socioeconomic aspects of the family, parental personalities, and the way homeschooling is practiced. One hundred and forty parents who homeschooled their children completed questionnaires about themselves, their families, and their children, as well as the social interactions of their children. The findings indicate that parental personalities and the way homeschooling is practiced correlated significantly with the social encounters of homeschooled children. Parents’ conscientiousness was associated with a greater number of social encounters and more structure in the homeschooling. This article presents possible explanations for these findings, theoretical implications of the findings and possibilities for further research.


Homeschooling Home education Social encounters Socioeconomic status Parental personalities 


Author Contributions

OG designed and executed the study, analyzed the data, and wrote the paper. AN designed and executed the study, assisted with the data analyses, and wrote the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human ResourcesWestern Galilee CollegeAkkoIsrael
  2. 2.Management in Education System Division, Department of EducationWestern Galilee CollegeAkkoIsrael

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