Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 2556–2563 | Cite as

Does Parental Monitoring Moderate the Impact of Community Violence Exposure on Probation Youth’s Substance Use and Sexual Risk Behavior?

  • Wadiya UdellEmail author
  • Anna L. Hotton
  • Erin Emerson
  • Geri R. Donenberg
Original Paper


The present study examined whether parental monitoring buffers the negative effects of communtity violence exposure on probation youth’s substance use and sexual risk behaviors. Among a sample of 347 Chicago youth on probation, ages 13–17 years, parental monitoring did not moderate the relationship between community violence exposure and probation youth’s sexual risk and substance use. However, parental monitoring was independently associated with less engagement in sexual risk and substance use, and community violence exposure was independently associated with more risk behavior among probation youth. The present study contributes to the growing literature on the impact of community violence exposure and parenting on adjudicated youth risk.


Juvenile justice Substance use Sexual risk Community violence exposure Parental monitoring 



This study was funded by a research grant from the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (R01MD005861).

Author Contributions

W.U.: conceptualized the present study, assisted with the data analyses, and wrote the paper. A.H.: analyzed the data and drafted the results sections and tables, and assisted with drafting the methods and discussion, and collaborated in the reviewing and editing of the final manuscript. G.D.: designed and executed the larger intervention study, collaborated with the design and drafting of the introduction and discussion sections, and collaborated in the reviewing and editing of the final manuscript. E.E.: collaborated with the design and implementation of the study, helped draft the methods section, and collaborated in the reviewing and editing of the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Dr. Geri Donenberg has received a research grant from the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (R01MD005861) to fund this research. The other authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. All procedures were approved by the Office of the Protection of Research Subjects at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Informed Consent

Informed youth assent and parental consent were obtained from all individual participants included in the study, and their legal guardians.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences, Community PsychologyUniversity of Washington BothellBothellUSA
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Medicine, College of MedicineUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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