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Affect in Play Scale-Preschool Version: Validation on a Sample of School Age Italian Children

Abstract

The Affect in Play Scale-Preschool version is a semi-structured measure of cognitive and affective pretend play processes using a 5 min standardized play task devised for preschool children. This study investigated an extension of the scale in a sample of 333 children, aged 6–10 years. Participants were assessed using another measure of play processes, the Affect in Play Scale, a divergent thinking task, the Alternate Uses Test, a measure of school coping, the School Coping measure, and a measure of empathy, the Index of Empathy for Children. External validity with these measures was investigated, using correlational analyses. Construct validity of the scale was assessed using a confirmatory factor analysis approach. A correlated two-factor structure with a cognitive and an affective factor demonstrated the best fit. Implications for the use of this extension to assess cognitive and affective processes in pretend play and developmental outcomes were discussed.

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Correspondence to Elisa Delvecchio.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Informed written consent was obtained from all parents’ participants included in the study. Oral consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Delvecchio, E., di Riso, D., Li, JB. et al. Affect in Play Scale-Preschool Version: Validation on a Sample of School Age Italian Children. J Child Fam Stud 25, 3523–3536 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0504-8

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Keywords

  • Affect in Play Scale-Preschool Version
  • Construct validity
  • Divergent thinking
  • School coping
  • Italian children