Young Children’s Tablet Use and Associations with Maternal Well-Being
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While recent research has documented a rapid increase in the use of new technologies such as touchscreen tablets early in life, little is known about how young children use tablets, what activities they engage in, and whether family demographic and maternal well-being are associated with early use. Guided by Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory of human development, the current study addressed these questions with a cross-sectional, online survey of mothers with children between 12 and 48 months of age. Mothers reported on their child’s tablet use as well as their own personal well-being (depressive symptoms and role overload) and relational well-being (relationship satisfaction, coparenting quality, conflict frequency). Nearly 63 % of all mothers owned a tablet. Approximately 46 % of children with access typically use a tablet in an average day, with the majority using for 15 min or less. For families who owned a tablet, child’s frequency of use was positively associated with child’s age and mother’s use and negatively associated with mother’s relational well-being. Despite the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation that screen media be avoided for children under 24 months, children in our study used tablets, albeit infrequently. Our findings suggest that it is important for researchers to consider the relationship between contextual factors within the family and child media use. Refining their focus for families with particular needs may allow child advocates and policy makers to develop more beneficial media recommendations for families with a variety of circumstances.
KeywordsChild media use Child tablet use Touchscreens Child app use
The authors wish to thank Dr. Heather L. Kirkorian for her helpful comments on an early version of this manuscript. We would also like to thank the parents who participated in our survey. The data used for this manuscript are based on a larger dataset on media use and well-being in women who were married or living with a partner. Tiffany Pempek and Brandon McDaniel both had full access to the data used in this study and take responsibility for the accuracy of the data analyses. Brandon McDaniel collected the data used for this study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no interests that might be interpreted as influencing the research.
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