Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 24, Issue 9, pp 2610–2619 | Cite as

Stability in Maternal Autonomy Support and Child Executive Functioning

  • Célia Matte-GagnéEmail author
  • Annie Bernier
  • Gabrielle Lalonde
Original Paper


The purpose of this study was to examine the role of early and current maternal autonomy support, and of its stability over time, in predicting child executive functioning (EF). Seventy-eight mother–child dyads participated in two visits when children were aged 15 months (T1) and 3 years (T2), allowing for the assessment of maternal autonomy support (T1 and T2) and child EF (T2). The results showed that autonomy support at 15 months and the average level of autonomy support displayed by the mothers between 15 months and 3 years were significant predictors of child EF, whereas current autonomy support was not. Group comparison techniques showed that children of mothers who displayed low autonomy support at both 15 months and 3 years performed the worst on EF. These results speak to the relevance of using multiple assessments of parenting behavior when examining its impact on child cognitive development.


Stability Parenting Early versus current Maternal autonomy support Child executive functioning 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Célia Matte-Gagné
    • 1
    Email author
  • Annie Bernier
    • 2
  • Gabrielle Lalonde
    • 2
  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity LavalQuebecCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MontrealMontréalCanada

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