Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 264–277 | Cite as

Informal and Formal Help Seeking Among Older Black Male Foster Care Youth and Alumni

  • Lionel D. ScottJr.Email author
  • J. Curtis McMillen
  • Lonnie R. Snowden
Original Paper


Using the behavioral model for vulnerable populations as a framework, this study examined predisposing, enabling, and need factors related to seeking help from formal and informal sources among older Black male foster youth and alumni. Results of logistic regression analyses showed that emotional control, a predisposing variable, was related to help-seeking. Specifically, greater adherence to the norm of emotional control was related to lower likelihood of using informal or formal sources of help. These results support the literature on males, in general, and Black males, in particular, that posits that inhibitions to express emotions are a barrier to their help seeking. Implications for help seeking among vulnerable populations of adolescent and young adult Black males are discussed.


Black males Help seeking Informal help Formal help Emotional control 



This research was supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health (R01 MH61404 and 5R03MH067124-02).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lionel D. ScottJr.
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Curtis McMillen
    • 2
  • Lonnie R. Snowden
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Social WorkGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.The School of Social Service AdministrationThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.School of Public HealthUniversity of California-BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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