Relationships Between Parent and Child Emotion Regulation Strategy Use: A Brief Report
- 3.7k Downloads
We examined the direct relationships between parent and child emotion regulation (ER) strategy use during the transitionary and understudied developmental periods of middle childhood through to adolescence. Three hundred and seventy-nine participants aged between 9 and 19 years, completed the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents. In addition, 358 of their mothers and 207 of their fathers completed the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. Providing partial support for the hypothesis, maternal use of the ER Expressive Suppression strategy was significantly predictive of their child’s use of Suppression. However, paternal ER strategy use was unrelated to their child’s ER strategy use. Child age did not moderate the relationships investigated. These findings suggest that children’s ER during middle childhood and adolescence is more closely related to the ER of their mother than their father. It is proposed that this may be accounted for by emotion socialization processes.
KeywordsEmotion regulation Adolescents Children Parents Emotion socialization
This work was supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Project grant [DP0771180].
- Bariola, E., Gullone, E., & Hughes, E. K. (in press). Child and adolescent emotion regulation: The role of parental emotion regulation and expression. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review.Google Scholar
- Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Denham, S. A. (1998). Emotional development in young children. New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Eisenberg, N., Gershoff, E. T., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Cumberland, A. J., Losoya, S. H., et al. (2001). Mothers’ emotional expressivity and children’s behavior problems and social competence: Mediation through children’s regulation. Developmental Psychology, 37, 475–490.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gullone, E. (2010). The emotion regulation questionnaire for children and adolescents (ERQ-CA): A psychometric evaluation. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
- Hughes, E.K., Gullone, E., & Watson, S.D. (in press). Emotional functioning of children and adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment.Google Scholar
- Lamb, M. E. (Ed.). (2004). The role of the father in child development (4th ed.). New Jersey: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Parke, R. D. (1994). Progress, paradigms, and unresolved problems: A commentary on recent advances in our understanding of children’s emotions. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 40, 157–169.Google Scholar
- Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). New York: Pearson Education Inc.Google Scholar