Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 157–166 | Cite as

Mindfulness Training for Parents and Their Children With ADHD Increases the Children’s Compliance

  • Nirbhay N. SinghEmail author
  • Ashvind N. Singh
  • Giulio E. Lancioni
  • Judy Singh
  • Alan S. W. Winton
  • Angela D. Adkins
Original Paper


Children with ADHD are often non-compliant with parental instructions. Various methods have been used to reduce problem behaviors in these children, with medication and manipulation of behavioral contingencies being the most prevalent. An objection often raised by parents is that these management strategies require them to impose external control on the children which not only results in the children not learning self-control strategies, but also does not enhance positive interactions between them and their parents. Studies have shown that providing mindfulness training to parents, without a focus on reducing problem behaviors, can enhance positive interactions with their children and increase their satisfaction with parenting. We were interested to see what effects giving mindfulness training to two mothers, and subsequently to their children, would have on compliance by the children. Using a multiple baseline across mothers and children design, we found that giving a mother mindfulness training enhanced compliance by her child. When the children were subsequently given similar training, compliance increased even more markedly, and was maintained during follow-up. The mothers reported associated increases in satisfaction with the interactions with their children and happiness with parenting. We suspect that the mindfulness training produces personal transformations, both in parents and children, rather than teaching strategies for changing behavior.


Children with ADHD Parental non-compliance Mindfulness Interactional context 



This paper is based on a presentation by the second author at the Third International Conference on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, June 2004.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nirbhay N. Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ashvind N. Singh
    • 2
  • Giulio E. Lancioni
    • 3
  • Judy Singh
    • 1
  • Alan S. W. Winton
    • 4
  • Angela D. Adkins
    • 5
  1. 1.ONE Research InstituteMidlothianUSA
  2. 2.Metropolitan State HospitalNorwalkUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of BariBariItaly
  4. 4.School of PsychologyMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  5. 5.Behavioral Therapeutic OptionsFishersvilleUSA

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