Wigner functions, signed particles, and the harmonic oscillator
In this paper, we introduce the simple harmonic oscillator and we address it in the Wigner formulation of quantum mechanics, therefore describing the whole problem in terms of quasi-distribution functions defined over the phase-space. The harmonic oscillator represents a very important problem as it provides exact solutions in both stationary and transient regimes. Subsequently, we outline the time-dependent signed particle Wigner Monte Carlo method and simulate the oscillator problem starting from stationary initial conditions, i.e. rotationally invariant functions in the phase-space, showing no evolution in time of the distribution function as expected. This work is, thus, twofold. On the one hand, one may see it as a short review effort to demonstrate the convenience of utilizing a phase-space approach in this particular context, suggesting that it could be the case again for different interesting problems. On the other hand, it represents a further opportunity to validate the signed particle Monte Carlo method, showing that a new reliable and powerful tool is available for the time-dependent simulation of quantum systems.
KeywordsQuantum mechanics Wigner formulation Monte Carlo methods Harmonic oscillator
The authors acknowledge financial support from the European Project EC AComIn (FP7-REGPOT-2012-2013-1).
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