Journal of Computational Electronics

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 363–374 | Cite as

Time-dependent transport in open systems based on quantum master equations

Article

Abstract

Electrons in the active region of a nanostructure constitute an open many-body quantum system, interacting with contacts, phonons, and photons. We review the basic premises of the open system theory, focusing on the common approximations that lead to Markovian and non-Markovian master equations for the reduced statistical operator. We highlight recent progress on the use of master equations in quantum transport, and discuss the limitations and potential new directions of this approach.

Keywords

Quantum transport Master equation Non-Markovian Open system 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Wisconsin–MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Electrical and Computer EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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