Table 9 Annual attendance by either partner—Zero-inflated negative binomial

From: Battle of the ballet household decisions on arts consumption

  Jazz Latin, Spanish, Salsa Classical music Opera
Man’s relative income 0.270\(^{***}\) (0.004) 2.414 (0.183) 1.018 (0.967) 0.336\(^{*}\) (0.095)
Young\(_f\) 0.634 (0.126) 0.866 (0.633) 0.722 (0.304) 1.844 (0.206)
Old\(_f\) 1.276 (0.299) 1.342 (0.351) 1.418 (0.249) 2.062\(^{*}\) (0.096)
Highly educated\(_f\) 1.477\(^{**}\) (0.024) 0.973 (0.927) 3.239\(^{***}\) (<0.001) 2.956\(^{***}\) (<0.001)
Hours worked\(_f\) 0.882 (0.178) 1.164 (0.355) 0.880 (0.179) 0.825 (0.147)
Young\(_m\) 1.796\(^{*}\) (0.055) 1.817\(^{*}\) (0.063) 0.937 (0.842) 0.460 (0.107)
Old\(_m\) 0.925 (0.723) 0.874 (0.645) 1.340 (0.313) 0.627 (0.283)
Highly educated\(_m\) 1.887\(^{***}\) (< 0.001) 0.864 (0.624) 2.536\(^{***}\) (<0.001) 2.005\(^{**}\) (0.017)
Hours worked\(_m\) 1.039 (0.618) 1.216 (0.131) 1.033 (0.632) 1.047 (0.639)
Number of kids 0.919 (0.288) 1.020 (0.851) 0.952 (0.504) 0.836 (0.244)
Household income 0.926 (0.533) 0.901 (0.606) 0.646\(^{***}\) (0.001) 1.072 (0.742)
Urban 0.989 (0.965) 3.232\(^{***}\) (0.004) 1.020 (0.934) 0.903 (0.777)
Hours interaction 1.024 (0.220) 0.971 (0.373) 1.021 (0.321) 1.006 (0.833)
Respondent 0.943 (0.686) 1.075 (0.738) 0.900 (0.476) 1.479\(^{*}\) (0.082)
Year 2012 1.020 (0.908) 1.092 (0.692) 0.582\(^{***}\) (0.001) 0.503\(^{**}\) (0.013)
Inflate         
Household income 0.553\(^{***}\) (< 0.001) 0.698\(^{**}\) (0.011) 0.416\(^{***}\) (<0.001) 0.498\(^{***}\) (< 0.001)
Urban 0.462\(^{***}\) (0.001) 0.802 (0.545) 0.748 (0.234) 0.746 (0.415)
Observations 3271   3271   3271   3271  
Nonzero observations 269   143   353   90  
  Musical Theater Ballet Other dance Art museum
Man’s relative income 1.034 (0.885) 1.000 (0.999) 0.949 (0.931) 0.676 (0.424) 0.790 (0.341)
Young\(_f\) 0.661\(^{***}\) (0.008) 1.466 (0.102) 1.307 (0.493) 1.391 (0.298) 0.845 (0.269)
Old\(_f\) 0.883 (0.425) 1.194 (0.390) 0.847 (0.677) 1.539 (0.175) 0.986 (0.931)
Highly educated\(_f\) 1.626\(^{***}\) (< 0.001) 1.746\(^{***}\) (< 0.001) 1.646\(^{**}\) (0.038) 0.741 (0.165) 1.870\(^{***}\) (< 0.001)
Hours worked\(_f\) 0.946 (0.249) 0.883\(^{*}\) (0.081) 0.802\(^{*}\) (0.062) 0.822\(^{*}\) (0.061) 0.927 (0.161)
Young\(_m\) 1.152 (0.365) 0.816 (0.402) 0.635 (0.243) 1.180 (0.605) 1.190 (0.260)
Old\(_m\) 1.123 (0.442) 1.115 (0.614) 0.976 (0.953) 0.753 (0.399) 1.208 (0.209)
Highly educated\(_m\) 1.385\(^{***}\) (0.001) 1.502\(^{***}\) (0.006) 1.541\(^{*}\) (0.089) 2.651\(^{***}\) (<0.001) 2.209\(^{***}\) (< 0.001)
Hours worked\(_m\) 0.987 (0.737) 0.975 (0.605) 0.900 (0.243) 0.988 (0.896) 0.974 (0.519)
Number of kids 0.964 (0.386) 0.877\(^{**}\) (0.046) 0.893 (0.335) 0.928 (0.479) 1.061 (0.184)
Household income 1.018 (0.806) 1.033 (0.730) 1.076 (0.736) 0.755 (0.143) 1.009 (0.907)
Urban 0.999 (0.996) 0.843 (0.342) 1.629 (0.132) 1.186 (0.517) 1.413\(^{***}\) (0.006)
Hours interaction 1.002 (0.858) 1.026\(^{*}\) (0.084) 1.031 (0.155) 1.042\(^{*}\) (0.057) 1.009 (0.424)
Respondent 0.991 (0.909) 0.950 (0.673) 1.436\(^{*}\) (0.079) 0.717\(^{*}\) (0.058) 1.187\(^{**}\) (0.047)
Year 2012 0.813\(^{**}\) (0.030) 0.747\(^{**}\) (0.043) 0.814 (0.374) 1.394 (0.112) 0.724\(^{***}\) (0.001)
Inflate
Household income 0.364\(^{***}\) (< 0.001) 0.418\(^{***}\) (< 0.001) 0.440\(^{***}\) (< 0.001) 0.542\(^{***}\) (< 0.001) 0.303\(^{***}\) (< 0.001)
Urban 0.688\(^{**}\) (0.010) 0.771 (0.141) 1.303 (0.403) 0.809 (0.382) 0.982 (0.922)
Observations 3271   3271   3271   3271   3271  
Nonzero observations 699   345   117   203   904  
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; p values in parentheses
  2. \(^{*}\) \(p<0.10\), \(^{**}\) \(p<0.05\), \(^{***}\) \(p<0.01\)