On the role of cultural participation in tourism destination performance: an assessment using robust conditional efficiency approach
- 671 Downloads
The relationship between culture and tourism has been widely investigated from different perspectives. A large strand of literature studies the role of cultural heritage to attract tourists, while a rich bulk of studies on cultural participation investigates the impact of tourism flows on the demand for culture. Another aspect worth investigating relates to the link between cultural participation and the performance of tourism destinations (TDs), as a higher cultural participation in an area could boost the performance in the management of tourism resources. However, so far, this issue has been disregarded in the literature, and this paper aims at filling this gap. Specifically, it studies the effect of cultural participation on TDs’ performance using a conditional efficiency approach that ensures robust inference on the role of environmental factors. We employ data on the Italian regions for the period 2004–2010, and we explore the role of cultural participation for tourism by using several indicators. Our findings offer empirical support to the positive role of cultural participation and, thus, suggest that public cultural policies might also boost the efficiency of the tourism sector.
KeywordsTourism destination Cultural participation Efficiency Conditional FDH
JEL ClassificationZ11 L83 D21
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Bonet, L. (2003). Cultural Tourism. In R. Towse (Ed.), A handbook of cultural economics (pp. 187–193). Northampton: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
- Bosetti, V., Cassinelli, M., & Lanza, A. (2007). Benchmarking in tourism destinations: Keeping in mind the sustainable paradigm. In A. Matias, P. Nijkamp, & P. Neto (Eds.), Advances in modern tourism research (pp. 165–180). Heidelberg, New York: Physica-Verlag.Google Scholar
- Botti, L., Peypoch, N., Robinot, E., & Solonadrasana, B. (2009). Tourism destination competitiveness: The French regions case. European Journal of Tourism Research, 2(1), 5–24.Google Scholar
- Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A social critique of the judgment of taste. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Cracolici, M. F., Nijkamp, P., & Cuffaro, M. (2007). Efficiency and productivity of Italian tourist destinations: A quantitative estimation based on data envelopment analysis and the Malmquist method. In A. Matias, P. Nijkamp, & P. Neto (Eds.), Advances in modern tourism research (pp. 325–343). Heidelberg, New York: Physica-Verlag.Google Scholar
- Cuccia, T., & Rizzo, I. (2013). Seasonal tourism flows in UNESCO sites: The case of Sicily. In J. Kaminsky, A. M. Benson, & D. Arnold (Eds.), Contemporary issues in cultural heritage tourism (pp. 179–199). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Daraio, C., & Simar, L. (2007b). Advanced robust and nonparametric methods in efficiency analysis—Methodology and applications. New York: Springer Science.Google Scholar
- Deprins, D., Simar, L., & Tulkens, H. (1984). Measuring labor efficiency in post offices. In M. Marchand, P. Pestieau, & H. Tulkens (Eds.), The performance of public enterprises: Concepts and measurement (pp. 243–267). Amsterdam, NH: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Eurostat. (2016). Culture statistics 2016 edition. Luxemburgo.Google Scholar
- Federculture. (2015). Cultura, identita’ e innovazione la sfida per il futuro—11° rapporto annuale Federculture 2015. 24 Ore Cultura, Milano.Google Scholar
- Fondazione Symbola—Unioncamere. (2014). Io sono Cultura—Rapporto 2014, Quaderni di Symbola.Google Scholar
- Fuchs, M. (2004). Strategy development in tourism destinations: A DEA approach. Poznam University Economic Review, 4(1), 52–73.Google Scholar
- Guccio, C., Lisi, D., Mignosa, A., & Rizzo, R. (2016). Has cultural heritage monetary value an impact on visits? An assessment using Italian official data. Paper presented at the Biannual Conference of the Association of Cultural Economics International, Valladolid.Google Scholar
- Koopmans, T. C. (1951). An analysis of production as an efficient combination of activities. In T. C. Koopmans (Ed.), Activity analysis of production and allocation, Cowles Commission for Research in Economics (pp. 33–37). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Peypoch, N., & Solonandrasana, B. (2007). On E-attraction tourism destination: Extension and application. In A. Matias, P. Nijkamp, & P. Neto (Eds.), Advances in modern tourism research (pp. 293–306). Heidelberg, New York: Physica-Verlag.Google Scholar
- Simar, L., & Wilson, P. (2008). Statistical inference in nonparametric frontier models: Recent developments and perspectives. In H. O. Fried, C. A. Knox Lovell, & S. S. Schmidt (Eds.), The measurement of productive efficiency and productivity growth (pp. 421–521). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Simar, L., & Wilson, P. (2013). Estimation and inference in nonparametric frontier models: Recent developments and perspectives. Foundations and Trends in Econometrics, 5(3–4), 183–337.Google Scholar
- UNESCO. (2009). Measuring cultural participation. 2009 FRAMEWORK FOR CULTURAL STATISTICS HANDBOOK NO. 2. http://www.uis.unesco.org/culture/Documents/fcs-handbook-2-cultural-participation-en.pdf.
- UNWTO. (2015). Tourism highlights—Edition 2015. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284416899.
- UNWTO. (2016). UNWTO/UNESCO world conference on tourism and culture: Building a new partnership Siem Reap, Cambodia, 4–6 February 2015. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284417360.
- World Economic Forum. (2015). The travel and tourism competitiveness report 2015, Geneva.Google Scholar