Measuring Perceived Receipt of Filial Piety among Chinese Middle-Aged and Older Adults

Abstract

Filial piety plays an important role in the parent-child relationship in Chinese culture. To date, the majority of studies have focused on filial piety attitudes and expectations from the perspectives of the adult child. With only a few studies examining filial piety from the parent’s perspectives, there is a paucity of studies that examines the dimensionality of filial piety receipt. The objective of this study was to validate the Perceived Receipt of Filial Piety Scale (PRFPS), a 10-item questionnaire designed to measure how often Chinese parents perceive their child(ren) engage in filial pious behaviours. A total of 222 middle-aged and older adult Chinese parents (Mage = 67.91, SD = 13.20) completed the PRFPS, MultidimensionalScale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and the Quality of Life Scale (QOLS). A single-factor structure emerged from the developed PRFPS, which demonstrated excellent internal consistency (α = .95). The scale was also significantly associated with the MSPSS (r = .50) and QOLS (r = .42), supporting convergent and criterion validity. In conclusion, the PRFPS is found to be a reliable and valid measure of perceived filial piety receipt among Chinese parents. Theoretical implications and suggestions for further scale development and research is discussed.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    In the current study, middle-aged is defined as individuals between the ages of 40 to 59, whereas older adults are defined as individuals aged 60 years and older.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Partnership for Change: The RBC Immigrant, Diversity and Inclusion Project at Ryerson University, and the CAG Donald Menzies Bursary.

The authors would like to thank Linke Yu and Kitty Lo for their assistance in the document translation and data collection.

Funding

This study was funded by Partnership for Change: The RBC Immigrant, Diversity and Inclusion Project at Ryerson University, and the CAG Donald Menzies Bursary.

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Correspondence to Vivian Huang.

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Huang, V., Fiocco, A.J. Measuring Perceived Receipt of Filial Piety among Chinese Middle-Aged and Older Adults. J Cross Cult Gerontol 35, 195–208 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10823-019-09391-7

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Keywords

  • Chinese
  • Filial piety
  • Perception
  • Filial receipt
  • Middle-aged
  • Older adults