The deep roots of economic development in the U.S. states: an application of Putterman and Weil (2010)
- 249 Downloads
The “Deep Roots” literature investigates the effects of ancient cultural variables on economic outcomes. We extend Putterman and Weil’s (Q J Econ 125(4):1627–1682, 2010) inquiry into the effects of State History and Agricultural History to the economic output in ethnically and racially diverse fifty U.S. States. The ethnic and racial differences across the populations of the fifty U.S. states vary considerably due to historical immigration and slave flows that, as a result, produced radically different State History and Agricultural History scores across the states. Results derived from Putterman and Weil’s methodology do not robustly predict per capita levels of economic output across U.S. States. We also investigate the institutions channel, and find that they impact some measures of institutions, but they do not impact the quality of economic institutions which may be essential for promoting economic growth and development.
KeywordsDeep roots State history Agricultural history Institutions Economics of migration
JEL ClassificationO15 O43 Z13
- Abrahmitsky, R., Boustan, L. P., & Ericksson, K. (2016). Cultural assimilation during the age of mass migration. NBER Working Paper no. 22381.Google Scholar
- Bardhan, Pranab. (1997). Corruption and development: A review of issues. Journal of Economic Literature, 35(3), 1320–1346.Google Scholar
- Better Government Association. (2013). The BGA-Alper integrity index. http://www.bettergov.org/sites/default/files/pdf/2013%20BGA-Alper%20Services%20Integrity%20Index.pdf. Retried 5/23/16.
- Duncan, B., & Trejo, S. J. (2016). The complexity of immigrant generations: Implications for assessing the socioeconomic integration of hispanics and Asians. ILR Review.Google Scholar
- Gwartney, J., Lawson, R., & Hall, J. (2015). Economic freedom of the world. Vancouver, BC: Fraser Institute.Google Scholar
- Hawes, D. P., & Rocha, R. R. (2010). Social capital in the fifty states: Measuring state-level capital 1986–2004. APSA Annual Meeting Paper. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1643243.
- Jones, G. (2016). Do immigrants import their economic destiny?. Evonomics. http://evonomics.com/do-immigrants-import-their-economic-destiny-garrett-jones/.
- Lawson, R., & Murphy, R. H. (2015). Measuring institutions and policies across countries. In R. Cebula, J. C. Hall, F. G. Mixon, & J. E. Payne (Eds.), Economic behavior, economic freedom, and entrepreneurship. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
- Murphy, R. H. (2015). The perils of buying social capital locally. Working Paper. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2638073.
- Ruger, W. P., & Sorens, J. (2013). Freedom in the 50 states: An index of personal and economic freedom. Arlington, VA: Mercatus Center.Google Scholar
- Stansel, D., Torra, J., & McMahon, F. (2015). Economic freedom of North America 2015. Vancouver, BC: Fraser Institute.Google Scholar