Do institutions evolve?

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  1. 1.

    E.g., Bowles and Gintis (2011), Güth and Yaari (1992), Hodgson (2006), Wilson (1975) and Witt (2006).

  2. 2.

    The best-fit trait may depend on the distribution of traits and the particularities of the mutation process.

  3. 3.

    Greif (2006) presents this institutional feature in terms of the distinction between a ‘main transaction’ (the one, in the context here, that the biological evolution model will focus on) and ‘auxiliary transactions’ (the one, in the context here, through which individuals impact the welfare of others from taking various actions in the main transaction).

  4. 4.

    Organizations (social structures) constitute actors that change the set of self-enforcing beliefs and expectations, articulate and disseminate rules, and are engaged in socializing behavior.


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Correspondence to Avner Greif.

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Greif, A. Do institutions evolve?. J Bioecon 16, 53–60 (2014).

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  • Biological Evolution
  • Institutional Change
  • Institutional Evolution
  • Historical Process
  • Mutation Process