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Adenomyosis and infertility

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Abstract

Purpose

Adenomyosis is a poorly understood entity with no unified treatment protocol. It has been thought to only affect the quality of life of older women, but growing evidence is highlighting the increased frequency of adenomyosis in younger patients and its possible effects on fertility outcomes. This can have a great impact on how clinicians screen, diagnose, and treat this condition. The aim of this review is to explore the relationship between adenomyosis and infertility.

Methods

A literature search of the keywords “adenomyosis”, “infertility”, “pregnancy” and “fertility” was conducted using the PubMed and Medline search engines. The articles selected were observational, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and randomized controlled trials. The search was limited to English, abstracts were screened, and articles were selected.

Results

The literature reports lower clinical pregnancy rates, lower live birth rates, higher miscarriage rates, and higher odds of adverse obstetric outcomes in patients with adenomyosis. Treatment seems to be associated with higher pregnancy rates and live births rates.

Conclusion

An association between adenomyosis and infertility seems to exist, and treatment could lead to improved fertility outcomes.

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All authors contributed equally to this review paper.

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Correspondence to Gaby Moawad.

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The authors have no relevant financial or non-financial interests to disclose.

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Moawad, G., Kheil, M.H., Ayoubi, J.M. et al. Adenomyosis and infertility. J Assist Reprod Genet 39, 1027–1031 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10815-022-02476-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10815-022-02476-2

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