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Prolonged culture of blastocysts after thawing as a tool for improving prediction of success

  • Assisted Reproduction Technologies
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Abstract

Purpose

A few years ago, we started to use a new freeze–thaw protocol for the frozen embryo transfer cycles. Instead of thawing the embryos 2–4 h prior to the transfer, we started thawing the embryos 20–22 h prior to the transfer. The aim of this study was to compare the pregnancy rate in cases of embryos that continued to develop in the post-thawing culture to that of embryos that did not.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study of blastocyst freeze/thaw cycles vitrified on day 5, thawed and transferred after 20–22 h in the culture, between January 2012 and December 2016.

Results

A total of 375 patients were included in the analysis. Two hundred twenty-eight embryos graded as good, 87 graded as fair, and 60 graded as poor embryos were transferred. The clinical pregnancy rate (50% vs. 19.5% vs 3.3% p < 0.01) and the ongoing pregnancy rate (38.5% vs. 13.6% vs 1.7% p < 0.01) were higher in cases of good embryo quality compared with fair and poor-quality embryos, respectively. For good embryos, progressing to a better grade during the culture did not change the clinical pregnancy rate (51.3% vs. 46.2% p = NS) or the ongoing pregnancy rate (38.5% vs. 37.5% p = NS). For fair embryos, progressing to a better grade during the culture resulted in a higher clinical pregnancy rate (25.4% vs 9% p = 0.05).

Conclusions

The development of the fair embryos in the culture has a highly positive impact on the pregnancy rate and this factor should be taken into consideration before deciding how many embryos to transfer.

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Correspondence to Jigal Haas.

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Haas, J., Meriano, J., Bassil, R. et al. Prolonged culture of blastocysts after thawing as a tool for improving prediction of success. J Assist Reprod Genet 35, 2195–2199 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10815-018-1308-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10815-018-1308-0

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