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Pregnancy rates for single embryo transfer (SET) of day 5 and day 6 blastocysts after cryopreservation by vitrification and slow freeze

  • Assisted Reproduction Technologies
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The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and ongoing pregnancy rates in cycles with single embryo transfer (SET) of blastocysts cryopreserved on day 5 or day 6. Our aim was to determine whether day 6 blastocysts perform adequately to recommend SET.


Retrospective cohort study including 468 transfer cycles for 392 women younger than age 38 undergoing SET at a university-affiliated IVF clinic in the USA. A total of 261 day 5 blastocysts and 207 day 6 blastocysts for frozen-thawed SET between 2010 and 2016 were analyzed. Data included cryopreservation by both a slow freeze method and vitrification.


In total, 59.0% of day 5 SET cycles resulted in a clinical pregnancy compared to 54.1% of day 6 blastocysts (p = 0.54). Ongoing pregnancy rates from day 5 frozen-thawed blastocysts (51.7%) were comparable to day 6 (44.9%, p = 0.14). When looking at vitrified blastocysts only, there were no significant differences between day 5 and day 6 blastocysts, with a clinical pregnancy rate of 69.2% for day 5 and 72.5% for day 6 (p = 0.68).


SETs of day 6 cryopreserved blastocysts resulted in similar clinical and ongoing pregnancy rates compared to day 5, particularly after vitrification.

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We would like to acknowledge our research coordinator Evelyn Neuber for her assistance.

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Correspondence to Lawrence Engmann.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Kaye, L., Will, E.A., Bartolucci, A. et al. Pregnancy rates for single embryo transfer (SET) of day 5 and day 6 blastocysts after cryopreservation by vitrification and slow freeze. J Assist Reprod Genet 34, 913–919 (2017).

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