Skip to main content

Live births from frozen human semen stored for 40 years

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Glenister PH, Whittingham DG, Lyon MF. Further studies on the effect of radiation during the storage of frozen 8-cell mouse embryos at −196 degrees C. J Reprod Fertil. 1984;70:229–34.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Horne G, Atkinson AD, Pease EH, Logue JP, Brison DR, Lieberman BA. Live birth with sperm cryopreserved for 21 years prior to cancer treatment: case report. Hum Reprod. 2004;19:1488–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Feldschuh J, Brassel J, Durso N, Levine A. Successful sperm storage for 28 years. Fertil Steril. 2005;84:1017.e3–4.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Salamon, S, Gillan, L, Evans, G, Maxwell, WMC. Fertility of ram semen after 35 years of frozen storage. Proc 15th Int Congr Anim Reprod. 2004, Porto Seguro, p. 476.

  5. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Guidelines for therapeutic insemination: sperm. Fertil Steril. 1998;70:1S–4.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Andras Z. Szell.

Additional information

Capsule Healthy twin girls were born from IVF using frozen semen stored for approximately 40 years.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Szell, A.Z., Bierbaum, R.C., Hazelrigg, W.B. et al. Live births from frozen human semen stored for 40 years. J Assist Reprod Genet 30, 743–744 (2013).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Live Birth
  • Leuprolide
  • Control Ovarian Stimulation
  • Human Semen
  • Semen Donor