Advertisement

Journal of Applied Spectroscopy

, Volume 82, Issue 5, pp 868–874 | Cite as

Optical Studies of Poly(9,9-di-(2-ethylhexyl)-9H-fluorene-2,7-vinylene) and its Nanocomposites

  • S. Layek
  • M. Ghosh
  • K. Siddarth Reddy
  • S. Senapati
  • P. Maiti
  • S. Sinha
Article

Steady state and time-resolved spectroscopic measurements are carried out to understand the fluorescent optical properties of the conjugated polymer poly(9,9-di-(2-ethylhexyl)-9H-fluorene-2,7-vinylene) (PFV) in liquid phase and solid phase. Quite significant color tuning is observed in the fluorescence emission of PFV in the blue side of the spectra in the solid phase, especially in powder form, when the polymer is doped with 30B nanoclay (organically modified Montmorillonite) and graphene nanoparticles. Interestingly, the average fluorescence lifetime of PFVgraphene nanocomposite in thin film is found to be much higher (8.1 ns) compared to that for PFV only in thin film (3 ns). These novel nanocomposites may have potential applications in polymer optoelectronics industry.

Keywords

poly(9,9-di-(2-ethylhexyl)-9H-fluorene-2,7-vinylene) nanoclay graphene nanocomposite color tuning 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. K. Chiang, C. R. Fincher, Jr, Y. W. Park, A. J. Heeger, H. Shirakawa, E. J. Louis, S. C. Gau, and A. G. MacDiarmid, Phys. Rev. Lett., 39, 1098–1101 (1977).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burns, and A. B. Holmes, Nature, 347, 539–541 (1990).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Mazumdar, Science, 288, 630–631 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Althues, P. Simon, and S. Kaskel, J. Mater. Chem., 17, 758–768 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. Hu, H. An, Z. Li, Y. Geng, L. Li, and C. Yang, Macromolecules, 42, 3215–3218 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Barrau, C. Vanmansart, M. Moreau, A. Addad, G. Stoclet, J. Lefebvre, and R. Seguela, Macromolecules, 44, 6496–6502 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. K. Singh, S. K. Singh, D. Dash, P. Ganugunta, M. Misra, and P. Maiti, J. Phys. Chem. C, 117, 10163–10174 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Pan, B. Zhu, T. Dong, and Y. Inoue, J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys., 46, 2222–2233 (2008).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. C. LeBaron, Z. Wang, and T. J. Pinnavaia, Appl. Clay Sci., 15, 11–29 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. K. Singh, B. D. Purkayastha, J. K. Roy, R. M. Banik, M. Yashpal, G. Singh, S. Malik, and P. Maiti, Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2, 69–81 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. K. Jana, B. Ray, D. K. Avasthi, and P. Maiti, J. Mater. Chem., 22, 3955–3964 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Kim, A. A. Abdala, and C. W. Macosko, Macromolecules, 43, 6515–6530 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. A. Jenekhe and J. A. Osaheni, Chem. Mater., 6, 1906–1909 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Bakueva, S. Musikhin, E. H. Sargent, and A. Shik, Surface Sci., 532–535, 1051–1055 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. H. Yang, T. P. Nguyen, P. Le Rendu, and C. S. Hsu, Thin Solid Films, 471, 230–235 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. N. Dinh, L. H. Chi, T. T. C. Thuy, D. V. Thanh, and T. P. Nguyen, J. Korean Phys. Soc., 53, 802–805 (2008).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Photonics, 4, 611–622 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, Science, 306, 666–669 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 102, 10451–10453 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Dekker, Handbook of Conjugating Polymers, New York (1998).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Musikhin, L. Bakueva, E. H. Sargent, and A. Shik, J. Appl. Phys., 91, 6679–6683 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Layek
    • 1
  • M. Ghosh
    • 1
  • K. Siddarth Reddy
    • 1
  • S. Senapati
    • 2
  • P. Maiti
    • 2
  • S. Sinha
    • 1
  1. 1.Integrated Science Education and Research Center, Siksha-Bhavana, Visva-BharatiSantiniketanIndia
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and Technology, Indian Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations