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Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 2649–2658 | Cite as

Effects of partial replacement of fishmeal protein with green seaweed (Cladophora spp.) protein in practical diets for the black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) postlarvae

  • Nguyen Thi Ngoc Anh
  • Tran Ngoc Hai
  • Tran Thi Thanh Hien
Article

Abstract

This study assessed the effects of the green seaweed Cladophora spp. as a protein source to substitute fishmeal protein in practical diets for postlarval tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). A control diet without containing seaweed meal was compared with five experimental diets in which fishmeal protein was replaced by increasing the levels of green seaweed protein (10, 20, 30, 40 and 50%) in the diets. All diets were formulated to be equivalent in crude protein (40%) and lipid (7%). Each dietary treatment was replicated in triplicate. After 45 days of the feeding trial, survival of the shrimp was not significantly influenced by the feeding treatments (p > 0.05). Growth rates of the shrimp fed with 10, 20, or 30% replacement levels of green seaweed protein in the diets were superior or similar to those fed with the control diet whereas shrimp fed with the diet containing 40 and 50% substitution levels showed significant reduction in growth (p < 0.05). The feed conversion ratio and protein efficiency ratio exhibited the similar trend as observed for growth performance. Moreover, shrimp fed with the control diet presented the lowest stress tolerance to formalin shock while the best performance was detected in the animals that received the 10 and 20% replacement diet. These results suggested that green seaweed Cladophora could replace up to 30% of fishmeal protein in the tiger shrimp postlarvae diet, and the optimal performance, including growth rate, feed efficiency, and stress resistance, appeared in shrimp fed with the diet of 10 to 20% substitution.

Keywords

Cladophora spp. Chlorophyta Fishmeal replacement Growth Feed efficiency Penaeus monodon Stress resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors sincerely thank Dr. Nguyen Xuan Hoa, Nha Trang Institute of Oceanography and Ms. Huynh Ly Huong for their help in identifying the genus of green seaweed and Le Thanh Y for his help during the feeding trial.

Funding information

This study was funded by the Vietnamese Ministry of Education and Training for the scientific research programs.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nguyen Thi Ngoc Anh
    • 1
  • Tran Ngoc Hai
    • 1
  • Tran Thi Thanh Hien
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Aquaculture and FisheriesCan Tho University, Campus IICan Tho CityVietnam

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