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Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 1167–1174 | Cite as

Comparative study on the physiological differences between three Chaetomorpha species from Japan in preparation for cultivation

  • Xu GaoEmail author
  • Hikaru Endo
  • Yukio Agatsuma
Article

Abstract

High cellulose contents have been found in the thalli of species belonging to the green seaweed genus Chaetomorpha, indicating that they have high potential of cultivating for bioethanol production. The aim of this study was to produce critical information as a guide for the selection of suitable Chaetomorpha species from coastal areas of Japan for commercial cultivation. Three common Japanese Chaetomorpha species, Chaetomorpha crassa, Chaetomorpha moniligera, and Chaetomorpha spiralis, were collected from Matsushima Bay, northern Japan. A series of laboratory experiments were set up to compare photosynthesis, nutrient uptake, and growth, and tolerance of high temperature and low salinity. Compared with C. spiralis and C. moniligera, C. crassa exhibited significantly greater photosynthesis and growth, which was likely related to its greater nutrient uptake ability. In addition, C. crassa showed higher survival at high temperatures of 30 and 35 °C, and at low salinities of 8–4 psu. Therefore, due to its greater growth ability and higher physiological tolerance to high temperature and low salinity, C. crassa should be considered a suitable candidate with great potential for mass cultivation.

Keywords

Chaetomorpha Chlorophyceae Growth Nutrient uptake Salinity tolerance Temperature tolerance Culture 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We sincerely thank Professor Emeritus K. Taniguchi (deceased) of Tohoku University for supporting this study. We also thank the staff of the Miyagi Prefecture Fisheries Technology Institute for providing seawater for culture experiments and measurements of photosynthesis and nutrient uptake, and Prof. O. Nishimula for helping with the analysis of nutrient concentration. We are also grateful to T. Igarashi for his support of C. crassa collection in Nagatsuraura. This work was partly supported by a grant-in-aid from the Japanese Society for Promotion of Science.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental ScienceWonkwang UniversityIksanSouth Korea
  3. 3.Faculty of FisheriesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan

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