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Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 3235–3250 | Cite as

Bioprocess engineering of microalgae to optimize lipid production through nutrient management

  • Zahra Lari
  • Narges Moradi-kheibari
  • Hossein AhmadzadehEmail author
  • Parvaneh Abrishamchi
  • Navid R. Moheimani
  • Marcia A. Murry
Article

Abstract

Microalgae have been used commercially as a feedstock for the production of high-value compounds, pigments, cosmetics, and nutritional supplements. In addition, because of their rapid growth rates, high photosynthetic efficiency, and high lipid and protein content, commodity products including biodiesel, feed supplements, and polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from algal biomass are of current interest. Since microalgae lack non-photosynthetic structures and float in water, they do not need massive amounts of structural cellulose found in land plants. Thus, under optimal culture conditions, some oleaginous species can allocate up to 70 % of their biomass to lipids. Lipid production and its regulation in microalgae are species-specific and influenced by environmental conditions. Various strategies have been developed to improve lipid productivity and fatty acid composition to meet specific production goals. Manipulation of physiochemical parameters, trophic modes, and nutrient levels, known as process engineering, is a simple approach that leads to desired alterations in the biochemical composition of algal biomass, including lipid quantity and quality. In this paper, we review the effects of manipulating biochemical parameters such as necessary nutrients (C, N, P, S, Fe, and Si), NaCl concentration, and pH of culture medium to optimize lipid content and profile in some algae strains with commercial potential.

Keywords

Microalgae Lipid profile Growth media Bioprocess engineering Micronutrients Macronutrients 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support from ATF Committee and Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (grant numbers of 3/29836 and 3/27412) is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahra Lari
    • 1
  • Narges Moradi-kheibari
    • 2
  • Hossein Ahmadzadeh
    • 2
    Email author
  • Parvaneh Abrishamchi
    • 1
  • Navid R. Moheimani
    • 3
  • Marcia A. Murry
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of BiologyFerdowsi University of MashhhadMashhadIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran
  3. 3.Algae R&D Centre, School of Veterinary and Life SciencesMurdoch UniversityMurdochWestern Australia
  4. 4.Department of Biological ScienceCalifornia State Polytechnic UniversityPomonaUSA

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