Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 2915–2924 | Cite as

Abiotic regulation of growth and fertility in the sporophyte of Dictyota dichotoma (Hudson) J.V. Lamouroux (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae)

Article

Abstract

While Dictyota dichotoma has been cultured for decades, relatively little is known on the abiotic regulation of its growth, life cycle and release periodicity. Here, we evaluated the different abiotic factors that potentially control growth, survival, fertility and spore release in order to establish efficient culture methods of the sporophyte that allow life cycle control. Vegetative growth is maximal at room temperature (18–20 °C), but cultures can be stored for months at low temperatures (≈8 °C). Red light, increased temperature and nutrient manipulation proved to be excellent triggers inducing sporogenesis. Sporophytes lack any lunar periodicity in spore release in contrast to gametophytes, but surprisingly, release of meiospores follows a similar diurnal cycle. This enables the production of synchronously developing spores during the entire lunar cycle. Interest in this species relates to its potential for commercial applications for phytoremediation, metabolites with therapeutic and anti-biofouling potential, and its usage as a model for developmental research complementary to Fucus.

Keywords

Dictyota Fertility Abiotic regulation Temperature Light Spore release 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are indebted to the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) (PhD fellowship to KB).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenny Bogaert
    • 1
  • Tom Beeckman
    • 2
    • 3
  • Olivier De Clerck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Plant Systems BiologyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Plant Biotechnology and BioinformaticsGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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