Digital image processing based on a red–green–blue (RGB) color analysis was applied to measure the cell concentration of three microalgae: Chlorella vulgaris, Botryococcus braunii, and Ettlia sp. The experiments were performed by using diluted and concentrated cultures of these microalgae to prepare different concentrations of dry cell weight (DCW). A charge-coupled device (CCD) camera was used to image the microalgae samples in a dark chamber homogenously illuminated from the bottom. The method showed to be a simple yet efficient technique for microalgae biomass estimation with an effective measurement range up to 3 g DCW L−1. Especially, the blue color value linearly decreased with DCW in this dynamic range of measurement in all the tested microalgae. The general correlation based on the conversion of RGB values to gray tones by application of a luminescence algorithm also showed similar patterns. The blue color value predicted the biomass concentrations of C. vulgaris, B. braunii, and Ettlia sp. with average errors of 13, 16, and 8 %, respectively, which were much lower than those of the gray tones conversion. Thus, the method presented in this study can be a base for the development of a more general method for microalgae biomass measurement.
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This research was partially supported by a grant from the Advanced Biomass R&D Center, a Global Frontier Program by the Korean Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning. MHS would like to thank KFAS (Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies) for supporting this work and acknowledge the financial support of the University of Tehran under grant number 8104956/1/03.
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Sarrafzadeh, M.H., La, HJ., Lee, JY. et al. Microalgae biomass quantification by digital image processing and RGB color analysis. J Appl Phycol 27, 205–209 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-014-0285-7
- Microbial biomass estimation
- RGB color model