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Fungal utilization of a known and safe macroalga for pigment production using solid-state fermentation

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Abstract

Saccharina (Laminaria) japonica, a safe, cheap, and readily available macroalga can be used as a substrate for various microbial fermentations. This work investigated the feasibility of S. japonica as a substrate for production of pigments by the fungus Talaromyces amestolkiae GT11 in solid-state fermentation without additional salt and/or nitrogen sources. Under optimized conditions, the pigment exhibited maximum absorption spectrum at 410 (yellow) and 510 nm (red), and the pigment yield of 1,153.5 (yellow) and 506.2 (red) OD units g−1 of dry fermented substrate were achieved with a particle size of 1.0 mm and pH 7, although visually the pigment was reddish in color. The optimum incubation period, pH, moisture, inoculum size, and temperature were observed to be at 192 h, pH 7.0, 80 % (w/w) moisture, 1.8 × 106 spores mL−1 of inoculum g-1 of dry substrate and 28 °C. Hence, this study indicates the suitability of utilization of S. japonica as a substrate for natural pigment production by T. amestolkiae GT11 which can be used in food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries for various applications.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Dongseo Frontier 2010, South Korea, which is greatly appreciated by the authors. TG acknowledges NIIED for the fellowship.

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Correspondence to Man-Gi Cho.

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General, T., Kim, HJ., Prasad, B. et al. Fungal utilization of a known and safe macroalga for pigment production using solid-state fermentation. J Appl Phycol 26, 1547–1555 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-013-0168-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-013-0168-3

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