Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 1863–1872 | Cite as

The effect of light and temperature on the growth and photosynthesis of Gracilariopsis chorda (Gracilariales, Rhodophtya) from geographically separated locations of Japan

  • Ryuta TeradaEmail author
  • Shingo Inoue
  • Gregory N. Nishihara


The effect of light and temperature on the growth and photosynthesis of the Japanese agarophyte, Gracilariopsis chorda (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta), was determined to better understand its physiology so that we could identify candidates for mass cultivation. Above the photosynthetic active radiation of 66 μmol photons m−2 s−1, photosynthetic rates saturated for all strains that were collected from six different locations (Hokkaido, Chiba, Tokushima, Saga, Kagoshima, and Okinawa); furthermore, either photosynthesis or growth was observed at all temperature treatments examined in our study (4–32 °C for photosynthesis, 16–32 °C for growth experiments). We identified a temperature range for optimal photosynthesis and growth, which occurred within 20.1–29.1 °C and roughly correlated with the water temperatures of the collection locations and strongly suggests that this species tolerates a wide variety of water temperature. In particular, the Kagoshima strain had the widest range of optimal temperatures (20.8–29.1 °C), whereas the Saga strain had the narrowest range (23.1–27.3 °C). It is important to note that all the optimal temperature ranges overlapped among the strains; therefore, no definitive distinction can be determined. The broad tolerance to temperatures commonly observed from northern to southern Japan suggests that the cultivation of this species should succeed during spring to summer in the majority of the coastal regions in Japan.


Gracilariaceae Gracilariopsis chorda Growth Photosynthesis Temperature 



We express our gratitude to Japan Oceanographic Data Center for the permission to use their temperature data. This study was supported in part by Scientific Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (#08018861 and #22510033) from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture (RT). It was also supported in part by the Sasakawa Scientific Grant (#17-308M) from Japan Science Association (SI). GNN was sponsored by the Nagasaki University Strategy for Fostering Young Scientists with funding provided by the Special Coordination Funds for Promoting Science and Technology of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryuta Terada
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shingo Inoue
    • 1
  • Gregory N. Nishihara
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of FisheriesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  2. 2.Institute for East China Sea ResearchNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan

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