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Growth and survival performance of the gametophyte of Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) under defined nutrient conditions in laboratory culture

Abstract

Gigartina skottsbergii is a commercially important carrageenan producer that has been suffering severe extraction pressure in Chile’s Magellan Region and Cape Horn Archipelago since 1998. In order to create baseline information for its cultivation and repopulation, we studied the effects of agricultural fertilizers on growth of G. skottsbergii early developmental stages. The culture media utilized were: a) seawater + Bayfoland, b) seawater + Superphosphate, c) seawater + Urea, d) seawater + Provasoli and e) seawater as a control. The culture conditions were: a) 12L:12D photoperiod; b) temperature 8 ± 1°C and c) irradiance at 45 µmol photons m−2 s−1. After 60 days, higher relative growth rates between treatments were observed; the treatments that included Bayfoland and Provasoli showed greater growth (382 ± 55 and 378 ± 50 µm, respectively,) compared to Superphosphate (88 ± 16 µm), control (78 ± 10 µm) and Urea (70 ± 11 µm) treatments, after 81 days. The Urea treatment and the control had inhibitory effects on G. skottsbergii germlings growth and survival, as evidenced by progressive loss of pigmentation and death after 60 days. These results showed that Bayfoland was an excellent alternative to develop cultures.

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Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge Dr. Christopher Anderson for valuable suggestions and improvements of this manuscript. The manuscript also has been improved with the suggestions of two anonymous reviewers. This work was financed in part by Project PRN 00251 (University of Magallanes) to AM and Project Fondef D03I1164 and Project 010201010085 (University Arturo Prat) to MA.

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Correspondence to A. Mansilla.

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Mansilla, A., Palacios, M., Navarro, N.P. et al. Growth and survival performance of the gametophyte of Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) under defined nutrient conditions in laboratory culture. J Appl Phycol 20, 889–896 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-007-9279-z

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-007-9279-z

Keywords

  • Gigartina skottsbergii
  • Growth
  • Nutrient requirements