Growth rate and carrageenan analyses in four strains of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) farmed in the subtropical waters of São Paulo State, Brazil
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- Hayashi, L., de Paula, E.J. & Chow, F. J Appl Phycol (2007) 19: 393. doi:10.1007/s10811-006-9135-6
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Growth rate, semi-refined and refined carrageenan yields, 3,6-anhydrogalactose and sulphate contents, and gel strength were investigated in four strains of Kappaphycus alvarezii (brown, green and red tetrasporophytic strains, and one strain derived from tetraspores progeny, called G11) farmed in subtropical waters of São Paulo State, Brazil. All studied strains showed higher growth rates from February to May, decreasing from July to December. The G11 strain exhibited lower growth rates, but had semi-refined and refined carrageenan yields significantly higher than the others and similar to a commercial sample. A negative correlation between growth rate and semi-refined carrageenan yield was verified for all strains. The brown strain had the lowest content of 3,6-anhydrogalactose, while G11 and green strains showed higher values. No clear pattern of variation and no relationship were observed for sulphate and gel strength. However, all strains presented gel strength values near the one obtained from commercial sample. These results show that the carrageenan extracted from brown, green, red, and G11 strains of K. alvarezii cultured in subtropical waters of São Paulo State, Brazil with commercial potentials.