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Synchronization of encystment of Scrippsiella lachrymosa (Dinophyta)

Abstract

The encystment of Scrippsiella lachrymosa cells (strain B-10), which can be induced reliably in encystment medium, was inhibited by stirring the culture. 100 mL cultures in glass beakers were stirred at 1 rotation s−1. Stirring inhibited vegetative cells from congregating (swarming) at the walls of the culture container. When stirring was stopped, a rapid induction of sexual reproduction was seen. As soon as stirring stopped (within 2 min), cells were observed swarming near the edges of the glass beaker. Four days after cessation of stirring, large percentages of the cells were mating and, after 7 days, most were zygotes. Cultures were observed after 31, 38, and, 45 days of stirring. When cultures were stirred for 45 days, cysts developed in the stirred treatments, but these cysts were attached to flocculent material that had also formed in the medium. The use of this laboratory method is advantageous for the study of the mating through cyst stages of the dinoflagellate life history. This method may also demonstrate the need for a ‘surface’ as a place for the dinoflagellate to congregate in order to successfully encyst and may help explain environmental observations of encystment at pycnoclines.

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Correspondence to Barry C. Smith.

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Smith, B.C., Persson, A. Synchronization of encystment of Scrippsiella lachrymosa (Dinophyta). J Appl Phycol 17, 317–321 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-005-4944-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-005-4944-6

Keywords

  • cyst
  • dinoflagellate
  • encyst
  • gamete
  • mating
  • Scrippsiella lachrymosa