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Fish Cognition and Consciousness


Questions about fish consciousness and cognition are receiving increasing attention. In this paper, I explain why one must be careful to avoid drawing conclusions too hastily about this hugely diverse set of species.

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I am grateful for comments to audiences at the University of Utrecht, the Ruhr University, Bochum, and at the Leibniz Institute for Inland Fisheries and Freshwater Ecology in Berlin, and for comments on the manuscript by Michael Trestman, Bernice Bovenkerk, members of the “Spackled” group at Indiana University, and two anonymous referees for the journal. I also gratefully acknowledge the support of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and Indiana University during the time that this paper was prepared, and the hospitality of the Ruhr University-Bochum during my sabbatical year.

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Correspondence to Colin Allen.

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Allen, C. Fish Cognition and Consciousness. J Agric Environ Ethics 26, 25–39 (2013).

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  • Fish
  • Learning
  • Cognition
  • Consciousness