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Applying the Ethical Principle of Social Benefits in Nursing Research in Developing Countries: the Case of Jordan

Abstract

Research on human subjects is ethically justified when its anticipated results would ultimately benefit the society or public and not only the individuals participating in this research. Besides contributing to scientific knowledge, social benefits of scientific research may extend to all aspects of the public’s life including health, education, and security. In this paper, we aimed to discuss the social benefits principle as an ethical requirement for the conduct of scientific research in general and nursing research in particular. We critically examined the current situation of nursing research in developing countries including its adherence to the social benefits principle and provided exemplars of both hindered and successful utilization of nursing research evidence in developing countries. We concluded that the utilization of nursing research evidence in clinical practice, education, and policy making is almost nonexistent and faces many challenges in most developing countries. Thus, most nursing research in developing countries are not currently meeting the social benefit principle of the ethical conduct of scientific research. We provided recommendations to promote the utilization of nursing research in evidence-based practice, nursing education, and health policy.

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Correspondence to Rana F. Obeidat.

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Obeidat, R.F., Al-Delaimy, W. Applying the Ethical Principle of Social Benefits in Nursing Research in Developing Countries: the Case of Jordan. J Acad Ethics 20, 39–50 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-020-09380-3

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Keywords

  • Ethics
  • Social benefits principle
  • Beneficence
  • Nursing research