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Factors Influencing Academic Dishonesty among Undergraduate Students at Russian Universities

Abstract

Student academic dishonesty is a pervasive problem for universities all over the world. The development of innovative practices and interventions for decreasing dishonest behaviour requires understanding factors influencing academic dishonesty. Previous research showed that personal, environmental, and situational factors affect dishonest behaviour at a university. The set of factors and the strength of their influence can differ across countries. There is a lack of research on factors affecting student dishonesty in Russia. A sample of 15,159 undergraduate students from eight Russian highly selective universities was surveyed to understand what factors influence their decision to engage in dishonest behaviour. Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) was employed to explain dishonest behaviour among students. The explained variance in the engagement in academic dishonesty equals 48% in the model for the full sample, and reaches 69% in the model for one of the considered institutions. The major findings of this study were: (1) subjective norms appeared to dominate as the strongest predictor of academic dishonesty across the Russian universities; (2) perceived behavioural control, appeared to be positively related to the dishonest behaviour. In the majority of universities, this factor was found to be insignificant. This finding indicates a specific feature of Russian students’ an ethical decision-making process discussed in the last part of the paper.

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Notes

  1. https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20170412181035229

  2. Project 5–100 was launched in 2013 in accordance with the Presidential Decree of the Russian Federation ‘On measures to realize state policy in the sphere of education and science’. Under this project, 21 highly selective Russian universities received financial support to maximize their positions in the global research and education market. The link to the project description: http://5top100.com/.

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Support from the Basic Research Program of the National Research University Higher School of Economics is gratefully acknowledged.

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Appendix

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Table 4 Correlation matrixes for the total model and each university models

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Maloshonok, N., Shmeleva, E. Factors Influencing Academic Dishonesty among Undergraduate Students at Russian Universities. J Acad Ethics 17, 313–329 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-019-9324-y

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Keywords

  • Academic dishonesty
  • Theory of planned behaviour
  • Undergraduate students
  • Russian universities