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Journal of Academic Ethics

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 51–71 | Cite as

Factors of Academic Misconduct in a Cross-Cultural Perspective and the Role of Integrity Systems

  • Marina MakarovaEmail author
Article

Abstract

In this article, the main factors of academic cheating and plagiarism in four countries (Russia, US, Poland, and Latvia) are analyzed. Three groups of factors are investigated, namely individual, motivational, and contextual. A mixed method approach has been used, with material including student surveys, interviews with university teachers and administrators, and analysis of university documents. The survey results show that the role of individual social-demographic factors are not significant for predicting misconduct. Students are prone to neutralize their own blame in misconduct, and refer to the external conditions by the proposition that it is difficult to avoid cheating and plagiarism during university studies. Students are also more likely to cheat and plagiarize in the conditions of weak teachers’ control and deterrents. Such results demonstrate the importance of an integrity policy at the national, institutional and classroom levels, and that the social and cultural environment can be important factors in cheating. Integrity systems and the level, which they have been implemented, have a significant impact on student misconduct and attitudes toward cheating.

Keywords

Cheating Plagiarism Integrity system Teacher deterrents 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank the following individuals for their help and support: Professor Krzysztof Kosela, Professor Maredith Redlin, Katarzyna Uklańska, Ewa Antoniak, Jurijs Ņikišins, Konstantin Obukhov for their support and assistance in the research; Dr. Jennifer Ast for editing the paper; Professor Leonid Polishchuk for valuable discussions in research. The initiative was supported through following grants: Fulbright Visiting Scholar Program (Russia); ERAMUNDUS-EMA2; The Centre for Polish-Russian Dialogue and Understanding.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Institute of History and SociologyUdmurt State UniversityIzhevskRussia

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