Journal of Adult Development

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 61–65 | Cite as

The Effect of Mindfulness on Heart Rate Control

  • Laura L. Delizonna
  • Ryan P. Williams
  • Ellen J. Langer
Article

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that mindful attention to change regarding heart rate (HR) would result in greater control over HR. Experimental groups monitored the changing or stable nature of HR, respectively. All participants’ HR slowed during the decrease phase. Participants whose attention was directed to the stable nature of HR performed the worst on the increase phase of the HR control task. These results suggest that mindfulness, instantiated here as attention to variability, is a means to increasing control.

Keywords

Mindfulness Mindlessness Heart rate control Mindful attention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura L. Delizonna
    • 1
  • Ryan P. Williams
    • 2
  • Ellen J. Langer
    • 3
  1. 1.San FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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