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The Effects of Aquatic Versus Kata Techniques Training on Static and Dynamic Balance in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Abstract

The present study aimed to compare the effect of a land-based and a swimming-based exercise program on balance abilities in children with autism. Thirty children were voluntarily selected and randomly assigned to karate exercise, aquatic training and control groups. Participants practiced for 10 weeks, 2 sessions of 60 min per week. Before and after the 10-week intervention, static and dynamic balance tests were administered. The results showed that both interventions had a significant effect on balance abilities (p < 0.001); interestingly, we found the greater improvement in balance performance in kata techniques group. Due to the importance of balance performance on daily functions, communication and interaction skills, karate and swimming exercises can be the valuable interventions added to autism’s daily programs. Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials number: IRCT20180626040242N1

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Acknowledgments

First and foremost, we thank all children with autism and their families/caregivers who volunteered as participants in this research study. We also thank the Guilan Autism Society Institute staff, especially Mr. Zahedi, Mr. Rahpeyma and Mr. Haghighi for their help and support for this study. Also, we thank all karate trainers and lifeguards.

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Authors

Contributions

SA and FA jointly designed the study and contributed to the study protocol. SA and AAH analyzed the data under the supervision of MS and AD. FA and AAH wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors contributed to (and agreed upon) the final version.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Fahimeh AdibSaber.

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Ansari, S., Hosseinkhanzadeh, A.A., AdibSaber, F. et al. The Effects of Aquatic Versus Kata Techniques Training on Static and Dynamic Balance in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism Dev Disord 51, 3180–3186 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04785-w

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04785-w

Keywords

  • Static balance
  • Dynamic balance
  • Autistic children
  • Kata techniques
  • Swimming