Connecting People with People: Diagnosing Persons with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Using Telehealth

Abstract

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a diagnostic term used to describe an array of structural, neurocognitive, and behavioral effects that result from prenatal alcohol exposure. While ongoing efforts have been made to increase the capacity of communities to provide early FASD diagnosis, there continues to be on-going challenges, particularly for remote and rural communities. Telehealth is the use of technology to connect communities at a distance and has been effectively used in medicine for several decades. This literature review describes the use of telehealth in FASD and other developmental disabilities and makes recommendations for how telehealth can be used to facilitate the assessment and diagnosis of FASD in rural and remote communities.

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Acknowledgments

This literature review was completed as part of a multi-year telehealth pilot project conducted by the Lakeland Centre for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. The authors would also like to thank Colleen Burns for her feedback on earlier versions of this manuscript, as well as the additional information that was provided to enhance the quality of this article.

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This review was completed as part of a larger project that was intended to inform using telehealth to support rural communities. Both LMW and KDC-H were responsible for developing an outline of the article, performing the literature search and writing the article.

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Correspondence to Lisa M. Whittingham.

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There are no conflicts of interest to declare. This is a literature review; therefore, research did not involve human or animal participants.

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Whittingham, L.M., Coons-Harding, K.D. Connecting People with People: Diagnosing Persons with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Using Telehealth. J Autism Dev Disord (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04607-z

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Keywords

  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
  • Assessment
  • Diagnosis
  • Telehealth
  • Rural medicine