Skip to main content
Log in

Dysbiosis of Gut Fungal Microbiota in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders Aims and scope Submit manuscript


In this study, we tested the feces of children with ASD and those of healthy children, and the overall changing of the gut fungal community was observed in ASD children compared with controls. However, there were no abundant fungi populations showed significant variations between the ASD and Control group both at phylum and class level. Among the 507 genera identified, Saccharomyces and Aspergillus showed significant differences between ASD (59.07%) and Control (40.36%), indicating that they may be involved in the abnormal gut fungal community structure of ASD. When analyzed at the species level, a decreased abundance in Aspergillus versicolor was observed while Saccharomyces cerevisiae was increased in children with ASD relative to controls. Overall, this study characterized the fungal microbiota profile of children with ASD and identified potential diagnostic species closely related to the immune response in ASD.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Similar content being viewed by others


Download references


This work was supported by the Development Fund for Shanghai Talents (Grant Number 201567).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



HZ designed the project. Sample collection was performed by RZ and QZ. DNA extraction and sequencing was performed by MD and MG. Bioinformatics analysis was performed by RZ and YW. The first draft of the manuscript was written by RZ, YW and HZ. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Huajun Zheng.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zou, R., Wang, Y., Duan, M. et al. Dysbiosis of Gut Fungal Microbiota in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord 51, 267–275 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: