Conclusions about the efficacy of tele-therapy for parent-mediated intervention for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are limited, due to the shortage of direct comparisons between tele-therapy and traditional face-to-face therapy. In this study, we implemented a parent training program, which targeted on language facilitating intervention strategies. Fifteen parents of children with ASD participated in person, and 15 participated via online video conferencing. We measured parents’ intervention fidelity and children’s initiations, responses, lexical diversity and morphosyntactic complexity. Results indicated significant improvements in parents’ fidelity and children’s lexical diversity and morphosyntactic complexity. No significant differences were detected between the two therapy delivery groups on any outcome measures. Finally, children’s progress on morphosyntactic complexity was significantly correlated with parents’ improvement on fidelity.
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The first session does not refer to week 1 session and the last session does not refer to week 6 session. Recall that we had missing data, and some families were not able to attend sessions on week 1 or 6. Here, we included the very first session and very last session a family attended.
The two studies did not report frequency of initiations or responses per minute. They documented frequency in a session and the duration of a session. We calculated the maximum frequency using the data they provided.
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We thank the parents and children for participating in the parent training program and all clinicians for administering the training and transcribing and coding the language samples. This project was funded by Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board.
The authors do not have a financial interest in the materials or data presented in this article.
All authors have made appropriate contributions, agreed on the byline order, and have read and approved this manuscript. The project and research conducted was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of Texas at Austin.
Informed consent had been obtained, and participants volunteered to participate in the project and study. There is no copyrighted material in this manuscript.
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Hao, Y., Franco, J.H., Sundarrajan, M. et al. A Pilot Study Comparing Tele-therapy and In-Person Therapy: Perspectives from Parent-Mediated Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord 51, 129–143 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04439-x
- In-person therapy
- Parent training
- Children with ASD