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Longitudinal Differences in Response to Name Among Infants Developing ASD and Risk for ADHD

A Correction to this article was published on 13 July 2020

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Diminished response to name, a potential early marker of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), may also indicate risk for other disorders characterized by attention problems, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Using a familial risk design, we examined whether response to name ability at 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months of age differed between three 36-month outcome groups: ASD, ADHD Concerns, or a Comparison group. Persistent differences between the ASD and Comparison groups were evident beginning at 12 months; differences between the ADHD Concerns and Comparison groups were evident between 12 and 18 months only. Results suggest that response to name may be a general marker for ASD and ADHD risk in infancy but a specific indicator of ASD by 24-months.

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SO and MM designed the study and obtained funding; BH and AMI analyzed the data; all authors contributed to acquisition or interpretation of data; BH wrote the first draft; AC and LdlP provided administrative, technical, or material support; all authors provided critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content; SO and MM provided supervision.

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Correspondence to Burt Hatch.

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Hatch, B., Iosif, AM., Chuang, A. et al. Longitudinal Differences in Response to Name Among Infants Developing ASD and Risk for ADHD. J Autism Dev Disord 51, 827–836 (2021).

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