Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory and factor analysis (EFA) aimed to determine the optimum Autism Spectrum Quotient—Children (AQ-Child) model. Initial CFA of parent ratings of the AQ-Child for 404 clinic-referred children with ADHD, aged between 4 and 11 years, revealed mixed/moderate support for the implied AQ-Child five-factor model and the past statistically supported four-factor model (Auyeung et al., J Autism Dev Disord 38:1230–1240, 2008). Interestingly, EFA findings indicated most support for a four-factor model, with factors reflecting “mind-reading”, “social skills”, “attention to details”, and “imagination”. The items loading in these factors were different from those proposed originally for similar factors (Auyeung et al., J Autism Dev Disord 38:1230–1240, 2008). The factors in the model showed acceptable internal consistency-reliability and discriminant validity. Clinical and research implications are discussed.
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No source of funding has been used for the present study. It is acknowledged that the present study investigates the psychometric properties of the Autism Quotient children version using archival data of 404 children with ADHD examined at the Academic Child Psychiatry Unit (ACPU) of the Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. In that context, we are grateful to the employees of the unit that contributed to the data collection.
RG contributed to the literature review, hypotheses formulation, data collection and analyses, and the structure and sequence of theoretical arguments. VS contributed to the literature review, hypotheses formulation, data collection and analyses, and the structure and sequence of theoretical arguments. AV contributed to the data collection and analyses.
Conflict of interest
The authors of the present study do not report any conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in the study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Gomez, R., Stavropoulos, V. & Vance, A. Psychometric Properties of the Autism Spectrum Quotient: Children’s Version (AQ-Child). J Autism Dev Disord 49, 468–480 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3713-8
- Autism Spectrum Quotient–Children’s Version
- Factor analysis
- Factor structure
- Four-factor model