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Gender Dysphoria, Sexuality and Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Map Review

Abstract

In this systematic map review, we aimed (1) at identifying studies including the co-occurrence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and gender dysphoria (GD) between 1946 and 2018, and (2) to present the papers included in this systematic map review to provide authors in the field of GD, sexuality and ASD with an important database of studies focusing on this very complex topic. The field is of emerging interest, as observed by the large increase of studies over the past decades, especially since 2015. However, future challenges are to be addressed in future studies.

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Acknowledgments

We want to thank Dr. Fred R. Volkmar for his inputs and insights on the topic of this systematic map review. We greatly appreciate your advice.

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Contributions

RAØ and ANH conceptualized and designed the study, drafted the initial manuscript, carried out the analyses. RAØ, DVC, and ANH reviewed and revised the manuscript, and approved the submission of the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Roald A. Øien.

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The authors have no conflicts of interest relevant to this article to disclose.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Øien, R.A., Cicchetti, D.V. & Nordahl-Hansen, A. Gender Dysphoria, Sexuality and Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Map Review. J Autism Dev Disord 48, 4028–4037 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3686-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3686-7

Keywords

  • ASD
  • Gender dysphoria
  • Identity disorder
  • Sexuality