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Potentially Reversible Social Deficits Among Transgender Youth

S.I. : Gender and Autism

Abstract

Recently, there has been increased attention to a putative relationship between Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and gender dysphoria, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) diagnosis for those whose gender assigned at birth does not match their gender identity. Studies have shown an over-representation of ASD symptoms among transgender youth. These studies, however, have used scales that are non-specific for ASD. These ASD symptoms may represent social deficits that are secondary to social stress and deprivation, as transgender youth suffer high rates of peer and family rejection. These social deficits may not represent true ASD and may be reversible as patients are affirmed in their gender identities and social stress is reduced.

Keywords

Autism Gender dysphoria Transgender youth Quasi-autism Social deficits 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks Christopher McDougle MD, Massachusetts General Hospital for his thoughtful comments on this letter to the editor.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. Turban declares that he has no potential conflicts of interest.

Research Involving Human and Animal Participants

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Child & Adolescent PsychiatryMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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