Associations Between Resilience and the Well-Being of Mothers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Other Developmental Disabilities
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There is variability in the extent to which mothers are affected by the behavior problems of their children with developmental disabilities (DD). We explore whether maternal resilience functions as a protective or compensatory factor. In Studies 1 and 2, using moderated multiple regression models, we found evidence that maternal resilience functioned as a compensatory factor—having a significant independent main effect relationship with well-being outcomes in mothers of children with DD and autism spectrum disorder. However, there was no longitudinal association between resilience and maternal well-being outcomes. There was little evidence of the role of resilience as a protective factor between child behavior problems and maternal well-being in both studies.
KeywordsAutism spectrum disorder Developmental disability Mothers Psychological well-being Resilience
EH conceived of the study, conducted analyses for Study 1 and 2, and drafted the manuscript. NE conceived of the study, conducted data collection for Study 2, conducted supplementary analyses for Study 2, provided feedback on manuscript drafts, and assisted with drafting the manuscript. RPH conceived of the study and helped to draft the manuscript. GMG provided feedback on manuscript drafts and assisted with data collection. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Study 1 was supported in part by a PhD scholarship to Elizabeth Halstead funded by Bangor University. Study 2 was supported by the Research and Creative Activities Fund at Texas Christian University. Portions of these data served as part of the doctoral dissertation of the first author.
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