Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 770–783 | Cite as

Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire: Strengths, Weaknesses, and Future Improvements

  • Marta Godoy-Giménez
  • Antonio González-Rodríguez
  • Fernando Cañadas
  • Angeles F. Estévez
  • Pablo Sayans-Jiménez
Original Paper


The Broad autism phenotype (BAP) refers to a set of subclinical behavioural characteristics qualitatively similar to those presented in Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The BAP questionnaire (BAPQ) has been widely used to assess the BAP both in relatives of ASD people and within the general population. The current study presents the first Spanish version of the BAPQ (BAPQ-SP) and analyses its psychometric properties, including validity evidences based on the BAPQ scores relationship with other variables. Our results only support the use of the Aloof and Rigid sub-scales to assess this phenotype, whereas Pragmatic Language sub-scale seems to be the main source of misfit. This research represents a first step in the study of the BAP features in the Spanish population.


Broad autism phenotype (BAP) Spanish version of the broad autism phenotype questionnaire (BAPQ-SP) Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) Validity evidences 



This study was supported by Grant PSI2015-65248-P from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, co-funded by ERDF (FEDER) funds. Authors would like to thank to Rocio Rodríguez Robles for her expert English language editing help. MGG is supported by a pre-doctoral grant by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (FPU2015-01562).

Author Contributions

PSJ and MGG analysed the data and wrote the manuscript. MGG and AGR were responsible for data collection. PSJ, AFE and FC were responsible for the design of the study. All authors participated in the BAPQ adaption into Spanish language, contributed to data interpretation and assisted with writing the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10803_2017_3438_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta Godoy-Giménez
    • 1
  • Antonio González-Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Fernando Cañadas
    • 2
  • Angeles F. Estévez
    • 2
  • Pablo Sayans-Jiménez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of AlmeriaAlmeríaSpain
  2. 2.CERNEP Research CenterUniversity of AlmeriaAlmeríaSpain

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